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V"\ ■' 

Thi m oods — Nature's lum- 

r n .1: ng in its m 

grandeur, thi d 4 

in Treei i. No oth gt 

g, so old and so imf I. The Redwoods 

Ian f t n great 

forr the Git ?/ Age, hick 

p t >m earth tn thai pheaval, except 

-r a it tut I area 1 Calif or n 
the only known I ng connection I -w 

tod and the un fathomed ages bt tl 

iming of m ■■ plant and an 

presented hy geologists to h e been big- 
ger an re imposing than similar 
life in the p nt period 


Build Wisely With Wood 

Wood used on the farm should 
Resist Rot 
Retard Fire 
Last Without Paint 
Be Light and Strong 
Easy to Work 

Not Shrink or Warp 

Then Use Redwood for 

All Moist Contacts 

Barn Boards 
Bain Doors 
Bee Hives 



esspool Lining 
• olumns 
Concrete Forms 
Cribs and Bins 



D< m ir and Window 


Drain Boxes 
Exterior Trim 

Farm Signs 
Feed Racks 
Feed Troughs 
Fence Posts 
Fire Protection 
Flower Boxes 
Fruit Trays and 




Hog Houses 
Hot Beds 

Implement Sheds 
Irrigation Gates 


Manure Boxes 
Mud Sills 


Porch Rails 
Poultry Houses 


Rot Resistance 

Roofing (shingles 

and shakes) 

Septic Tanks 




Stakes and Props 

Starting Boxes 

Stock Tanks 

Sullage Receptacles 

Supply Tanks 


Water Pipe 
Well Casing 
Well Houses 

And all interior finish in the farm house 

Copyright jqij by California Redwood Associati* 



[2 ] 






The oldest 
living thing 
in the world 

EDWOOD is lumber from trie 
"big trees" of California — th 
eighth wonder of the world. 
Scientists call them Sequoia sem- 
p ervirens , w 1 1 i c h, wh en t rai lslat ed 
into cur every-day tongue, means "Se- 
quoia ever living." Sequoia is an Indian 
name — the name of a chief of gi it 
ower and influence among his peoph 
nd therefore is typical of greatness. 
These trees are the old t livin 
things in the world, and many wei 
sturdy saplings 2000 year- ago, when 
the three wise men followed the S tr 
of Bethlehem to the manger whei n 
lay the ( hristian Saviour. 

They are wonderful trees, thes< Red- 
woods, and they produce a lumber with 
remarkable resistance to r«»t and fire, 

11 & s !g of giant 

R is. the diameter of thi 





In fact, the real secret of the "big 
trees'' of California is defiance of decay 
and fire. 

The Sequoia gigantca are a few isolat- 
ed groves of enormously big trees in the 
Sierra Nevada Mountains, that range in 
age from 2,000 to 6,000 years. They are 
first cousins to the Redwoods, and these 
patriarchs of the forest, despite their 

reat age, are regularly bearing and rip- 
ening cones. These trees are set apart 
in protected preserves for the enjoyment 
of tourists. 

The Redwoods, from which commer- 

ial lumber is cut, grow in heavy stands 
along the Pacific % Coast line in Cali- 
fornia from Monterey Bay to Oregon, 
in what is known as the fog belt. They 
thrive only in excessive moisture, and 
do not grow inland farther than thirty 
to forty miles. 


They grow from 5 to 25 feet in diam- 
eter, and from 75 to 300 feet in height 
The bark is distinctive, being cinnamon 
brown in color and fluted from the base 
to the top of a tree like a Corinthian 
column, which makes the magnificent 
Redwood forest as impressive as the 
old, silent walls of an ancient cathe- 
dral. The floor of the forest is carpeted 
with wonderful ferns, and the beautiful 
rhododendrons lend a flash of color — 
when touched by the golden sunbeams, 
a sight never to be forgotten. 

The huge butt logs weigh from 30 to so tons. Some are 
split with gunpowder so they ean be handled at the 
mill. The biggest band saws will only cut a 12-foot log 



[ 4 1 





is a rire 

ARM building b 

I i >i j i the hor ol 

till -lirl r in tl L ; 

I i < heap* I'll. 
and mosl ih i. I 

win inn n 1 1 M I.I! 

it In t < open I < 'i 

I or -ii ii i«n fi I in 

►up 'in builclii 

i.i rm to bi ' nl I n <\ 

O U ( > 1 Inn* . 1 1 ' 'I 

i posun I I' H th< 
<l iron o it pa 

with v 

hard to ignit< 

slow to burn 

easy to put out 

The ph 1 1 mi 1 1 i 

nn hi - sh< i\\ n I 
In »w U I wood p 

ion i In i i I • 

■ it | * I < i, I \ d( Tl 

i I mi n I was .ill i 

t o t h e < \ > u t i I 

It W.I V 


fc .' - 



While the siding charred, and, for ap- 
pearance sake, was replaced, it repre- 
sents a minimum of property loss, while 
at the same time affording a maximum J 

of safety to tenants. 

If you can save your home, 
your barn, your silo or other 
farm buildings, if built of Red- 
wood, from a similar loss in ] 
case of fire, it's a mighty good j 
investment, isn't it? ] 

The strongest possible recognition of | 
this fire-resistance quality will be found 

in the following resolution passed by I 

the Building Committee appointed by ] 

the Mayor of San Francisco, following j 

the great fire in 1906, to provide and 1 

regulate temporary housing conditions I 

for the refugees : \ 

"Resolved, that no permits shall be 
given at the present time for the con- 
struction of any buildings in San 
Francisco, but owners of property 
will be allowed to erect upon their 
premises one-story buildings con- 
structed of galvanized iron or Red- 
wood, without a permit." 

Of all woods available only Redwood 
could be used. 


We will let Chief Engineer P. H. 
Shaughnessy, of the San Francisco Fire 
Department, give the reason — - 

"After an extended experience of 
more than 22 years in active connec- 
tion with the San Francisco Fire De- 
partment, the results of my observa- 
tions convince me that under milar 

conditions of heat exposure Redwood 

lumber ignites much less quickly and 

burns much more slowly than . . . 

other resinous soft building wood 

with which 1 am familiar; and 1 am 

also convinced that when Urdwnnd 

becomes ignited th« 1 re is much nvna 

easily extinguished than in the com- 

bustion of . . . and other soft building 
woods. The reason of these differ- 
ences, I think, is largely owing to the 
fact that Redwood is well known as 
a non-resinous wood." 








The Test by Fire 

Redwood is fire tested in the log before 
it gets to the market as commercial 
lumber. Because of the enormous size 
of the Redwood tree the logs are very 
heavy — a 16-foot butt log weighing 
from 30 to 50 tons, according to th 
size of the tree. The butt log is th 
first cut above the ground. After the 
trees are felled the bark is peeled, top 
branches cut off, and this litter, to- 
gether with undergrowth, is a serious 
interference. To get rid of this "slash, 
as the logger calls it, he sets it on fin 
The giant Redwood logs come out of 
this terrific heat with only a slight sur- 
face scar. 

( alitnrnia Redwood is the only timber 
that can be logged in this way. 

Why It Resists Fire 

Why is Redwood fire resistant? I>< 
use it has been made so by nature 
It does not contain resin or pitch, which 
are the inflammable elements in other 
wood, Redwood neither attracts nor 
feeds fire. Redwood is porous and then 
fore quickly absorbs water. This a< 
counts for its unwillingness to burn 
when wet and the ea with which fire 
is put out. 

The use of Redwood for your farm build %s may s 
ti from destruction as in the s building 

tn the nUagration at CI dale, CaL 



1 7] 



resists rot 
when exposed 



ESI STANCE to rot adds to the 
value of wood used on the farm. 
The economy is equal to multi- 
plying the cost of using a quick- 
rotting wood by the number of 
that Redwood will last for the 
purpose. If it costs $500 to build 
a barn of a wood that will rot out in 
10 vears, and a Redwood barn will last 
50 year> — the saving is $2,000, because 
it is unnea try to rebuild the barn 
four time at $500 each. 

Does that saving, Mr, Farmer, justify 
you paying a slight premium for Red- 
wood, if necessary? 

Redwood contains a natural preserva- 
tive. The living power of Redwood is 
so great that trees blown over in the 
woods long before Columbus discov- 
ered America, have been sawn into 
ommercial lumber! In one instance 
shown below) such a fallen tree was 


[ 8 ] 





>und underneath another big Red- 
wood that grew istraddle the uprooted 

iant. When the standing tree was cut 
its rin showed it to be n irly 1,000 
\ old, which meant that the u] 

rioted tree had gone down [,ooo vears 

ago. This fallen tr v\a> '>oo \ trs old 

when it fell, \ et the log was sound and 


The natural preservative in Red- 
wood in 'i i *nl\ ]>!*< >te< ts il In »ni d< 

hut rot producing fungus wths so 

ommon in other woods <1<> nol atta< k 
Redw ood. 

What Uncle Sam Says 

Read what tin- experts of tin- I'm u 
i F< >restry of the I . S. < r- >\ ernment 
v of Redwood's living power, in Bul- 
letin No. 38 : 

"Redwood timber 1 lasting 

qualities qualed : in) r I 

wood \itli"u-h \cr\ light md p< 
( >us, ii has anl i ept ic pr< >perl 1 whi 
prevenl tin- wth <■! <l< >duc 

ing fungi. S«» t'.ir .h i^ nnw known, 

ii- •in- of the ordinary wood rotting 

funu'i gr ows in Re dtt I timber I lie 

is n lniLilv valuabl( p 

which >li'"ul«l extend the use of the 

1 ' 

the i 

■ ■ 

D E F I 

[ 1 


wood for all kinds of construction 


"It is because of its resistance to most 

forms of decay that Redwood reaches 

such a great age. A remarkable fact 

to be noted is that the innermost rings 

of most of the trees are as sound now 

as when first formed 

1 * 

Californians have recognized this rot- 
resist ing property in Redwood from 
the time of the first settlers — the Rus- 

ians — and there are many cabins in the 
Redwood belt, still inhabited, that were 
built as far back as 1811. Fence posts 
dug out of the ground after 75 years 

how no rot. Redwood railroad ties 
that have been under the rails of the 
Southern Pacific for 55 years are still 
doing service in the side tracks. Red- 
wood tunnel and mining timbers are 
figured by engineers to give 20 to 2? 
years' service. For mud sills, drain 
boxes, well casings, flumes, pipe lines, 

When the pulley shafts of the Pacific Tank & Pipe 
Company, San Francisco, persisted in getting out of 
alignment, investigation disclosed the 12" x 12" posts 
supporting the roof had rotted at the ground line, and 
vibration caused complete separation. Fortunately, 
these timbers were encased in 1" x 12" Redwood boards, 
originally intended to protect the posts (which were not 
Redwood) against decay. The Redwood boards were 
sound and actually carrying the weight intended for 
the posts! The building was only ten years old 



1 10] 







tanl coffin boxes, grape stakes and 
other uses where \\ od comes in con- 
tact with moist soil Redwood is always 

specified because it is dependable. 

How to Use Redwood 

For rough outside u^es Redwood is 
splendidly adapted. In such service it 
makes little difference whether th< 
Redwood is dry or not. 

For interior and exterior finish, how- 
er, Redwood should always be thor- 
oughly seasoned — which means abso- 
lutely dry through and through. 

It is, of course, not wise to put a sappy 
piece of Redwood — or of any other kind 
of wood — in the ground, or on the ground, 
unless the remainder of the piece that 
floes not contain sap is of sufficient siz< 
to do the work required; wherever used. 
Redwood sap wood is as durable as th< 
heart wood of any other construction 
lumber. Tin ipwood in a tree has low 
\itality or living power, due t" the fact 
that it is in a growing stage and is not 
mature. Sapwood in Redwood lumb r 

A Redwood pipe line — they build them from 10 inches 

to ii fee n diameter 



1 u ] 


can be readily s< en in the difference ol 
olor. The sap is white, while the heart 

wood is reddish. 

The Whiting Wrecking Com- 
pany, Los Angeles, California, 
in wrecking a building for the 
new annex of the Alexandria 
Hotel, found the foundation 
consisted of 3-inch x 12-inch 
Redwood plank, laid on the 
ground. Although down 35 
years the Redwood plank was 
sound, and was ripped into 3- 
inch x 4-inch pieces and used 
for fence posts. 

Preservatives Unnecessary 

Redwood does not have to be coated 
with creosote or tar — nature has pro- 

vided its own preservative. The natural 

preservative in Redwood permeates all 
parts of the wood. Preservatives that 

are put on other lumber to increase it 
life in expos 1 us / brushing, «>r 

"dipping," protect only the external 
surface and cannot prevent decay from 
the inside. 

I r siding, sheathing, roofing (shin- 
gles or shakes), window and door 
frames, exterior trim and other uses ex- 
posed to the weather Redwood resist 


Not only does Redwood resist rot, 
but it defies the attack of acid and 
alkalis. For this reason it is u-« d for 
tank stock where corrosive acids and 

A typical Red-wood stock tank — the kind that last the 

longest aii'i g\ the Ic trouble 



1 •-■ 1 



ii in the manui 

turnip pro< Redwo I pip 

■n\ e] tip 'I- i iu« i 

where <>t lu*r material il 

Best for Stock Tanks 

or suppl tanl >t< k tank t d 

I n>ii -I pipe In I' lv (I 

esp l.i II) adapted b< i an i 

i - 1 .mi e to n »t i n ' < » 1 1 1 . t < i v\ ii h i 

"i w el soil. I '.nut ii) linn. - 

Redw ood tanl ma) b m 
ii iing I he *impl< .nul «|m< k i 

a Redwood tank i> ! Till i h 

watei tnd add -l.n I I Inn 
Inn kci c )\ g l,i< l, I litne ' ab il 
a I Ion ol water, Lei il stand 
I hen thoroughl) *\ i ub the nk, 
n it with water, which should <l 

for I 2 hum I In u ■ iughl) i 1 1 

i. m k befoi usine 

Redv "I i< -I this cquipi n 

n in CUtS ■ »ut .nt inn< »n- li ibl 

pense in repaii > due t( > n >l I n i 
1 1< »n to Re( I v\ < m 1. 1 havin h ndei 

full) I <• n 1 1 1 1 , 1 1 i s 1 1 g 1 1 j in v\ < i j 1 1 1 . 1 1 1 1 

in bi ih handled b\ fai i lab 

Build your farm tank ipe 
lines, feed troughs of Red- 
wood and you build to last a 



D E F I 






shingles and shakes 

are the best 

1EDWOOD shingles or shakes as a 
roof or side-wall covering give long 
life and fire protection. 

9 No other shingle, or substitute 

roof covering gives the ideal combina- 
tion of rot resistance and fire retardance, 
with the additional merit of being rust 
proof and free from tar, gum or any 
other substance to melt in the sun and fill 
-utters, water pipes or drains. 

Always lay Redwood shingles 
or shakes with zinc-coated cut 
iron nails. This will prolong the 
life of your roof many years. 
The ordinary steel shingle nail 
will rust out while the shingle 
itself is still in first-class condi- 
tion. A Redwood shingled roof, 
laid with the right kind of nails, 
will give satisfactory service 
from 30 to 50 years. 

The Redwood shake is a 36-inch long 
shingle, 6 inches wide, and % of an inch 
uniform thickness. For best service on 
roofs, one-third to one-quarter pitch, 
they may be laid 24 inches to the weath- 
er, which means an overlap of 12 inches. 
When the roof is more than quarter 
pitch, a 6-inch overlap, which gives a 
30-inch weather exposure, will suffice, 
although a 12-inch overlap is recom- 
mended. There is no set rule for laying 
shakes to the weather, and the overlap 
can be varied to suit local conditions. 

The Redwood shake, which may be 
either split or sawn, is a typical Califor- 
nia covering, and ideal for everything 
from bungalow to barn. Both shakes and 
shingles are used extensively for side 
walls because of the artistic effects pro- 
duced, as well as being a splendid weath- 
erproof covering. 


c 14 1 

I he I I sh U 

iar>e it in i 

I i I 



h on layii 

1 1 
I ii 

f 1 1 1 1 1 1 ii f * > ■ 
m I i ' I true to t h ( 

i .nit e thai i Id 

ni'l ill ( il 

i this 

H I III I I I H I , | I i 

\ 1 . 1 1 1 1 1 * i ■ ii i i i ) 

.H , | 

I . t II I | I I » H I I I 

1 1 h i ijI |,| : 

laid from ; ' t h i ii 

i • Ii 1 1 tli' 

i i hi I » 1 1 \ 

i • I \ t i ( I 

ill V 

1 1 1 1 t I 

1 I l.ll »l \ 'HI 

. I I I I K I I i 1 1 . I I \ ) U 1 1 

I I « ' I ' III 




i > ii 

ill . I.»l 


n i 

n i i • >< 


I I. 


i H 

I < 

• I 


i . 



shingles were worn thin by wind-driven 

A typical example of Redwood -hingle 
service is found in the following letter 
from A. Cottrell, Eureka, Cal. : 

in the winter of 1870 I shin- 
gled my house at Eureka with 
Redwood shingles. They were 
first painted about tin ear i88o, 
and again about 1895, The shin- 
gles were not removed from the 
roof of the house until Septem- 
ber, 191 3. They were in service 
42 years, and, on being taken off 
the roof, were found to be in 
first-class condition/* 

Mi Doh s, San Francisco* Built by the Spanish 

p s 1776, the year the Declaration of Indi nd< e 

as signed The /?< sood trusses «>> rti i and 

bound lit 1 hide thongs, hut aft the big earth- 
quake of <*> they tvere bolted as a precautionary meas- 
ur< rhe Redwood hewn rafters too are still in perfd 

condition af 141 years service 


S I S T S 

1 16] 



1 1 


/M AH 






A strong 
wood for 
its weight 


EASONED Redwood is one of 
the strongest woods for its weight. 

Dry Redwood 
pounds per cubic 
less than Cypress, 

weighs 26.2 
foot — slightly 

which weighs 
It is equal in strength to Cypress, 
and its breaking strength, according to 
U. S. Government figures, is 62 per 
cent of that of White Oak, which is 
one of the strongest and toughest of 
American woods. 

The standard of lumber weight and 
measure is based on a ^board-measure" 
foot. A board-measure foot means a piece 
one inch thick and 12 inches square. One- 
inch boards, in the rough, dry, weigh 2400 
pounds per 1000 board-measure feet. The 
same boards dressed smooth on two sides 
would weigh 2000 pounds, and if dressed 
four sides will weigh 1800 pounds. 

The hardest possible service to which 
wood can be subjected is the railway 
tie. It is not only in constant contact 
with moist soil, but it must stand the 
strain and stress of swiftly moving 
heavy trains. In his report on "Timber ; 
An Elementary Discussion of the Char- 
acteristics and Properties of Wood/' to 

A Southern California 45-year-old Redwood barn with 
shake roof. A 45-year water-tight barn that requires no 

attention is a pretty good one, isn't it? 



i 18 ] 



I Hvision of Foi I )epari 

•lit of Agri Itur Filiberl R 
; I Agenl in 1 imber 

I 'I. g the 


Life of Railroad 1 m 


iw (I 

I ' 

< • I * I 

I I I 

I ll'l I I ( 

( .' 1 1 1 1 > mil ( 1. tnul 

1 1 1 ■ 1 1 1 1 1 1 

1 1 1 1 1 1 i 

1 : . I'.ii. iin i 

Klin t) 

I ..M • I I* 




Spi n< 

I .ixl I ' ll 

ill, It 


. . 4 

(irows Stronger with Age 

■ 'i 

l\rd wood a< in. ill v 

,i lln >. I i.i s been dem ' ' 

m,i« lr .it the I ii 
ifornia Inn I taken fi m a 

h u ih 17 \ rs >n the ( mi 


il I'm Berl w 

A and found t<* b 

than the 'I \\ I M th< f»i! In 

1 I lu u nt the 

tr. ' A in tin 

when l W II t he \ I V 

Ii hv in I \ 

miny had tal \ pi u 
fa ible » 1 1« I 

I ! 

i \ \. ' i 


longitudinal cr 


r th U 

d wl » I • 1 





How to 


ECAUSE of its soft, absorbing na- 
ture and the absence of pitch and 
resin, Redwood is an ideal surface 
over which to paint. Paint should 
never be applied to Redwood un- 
less the wood is absolutely dry. Redwood 
should not be painted, either on or im- 
mediately after a rainy day, as the wood 
absorbs moisture from the damp air. 

Shellac should not be used on knots or 
sap in painting exterior Redwood. For 
interior painting knots and sap can be 
shellacked lightly, but not until the prim- 
ing coat is applied. If shellac is applied 
directly to Redwood it is likely to scale. 
1 1 shellac is used, thoroughly sandpaper 
the shellac before applying the paint. 

Xo permanent job of painting on any 
kind of wood should have less than three 

Priming or First Coat 

The priming or first coat should be 
mixed thin and with sufficient oil to sat- 
isfy the absorbing power of the wood, 
and only enough pigment to provide a 


White lead 100 Lbs. 

Raw Linseed Oil .......... 7 Gals. 

Turpentine Yi Gal. 

Litharge Drier Vi to J4 Lb. 

(Covers 300 square feet.) 

(Note: Use litharge only in damp 
weather. Drier should not be used 
in hot weather.) 

(Note: White lead varies in brands 
— the older the lead the more oil it 
will absorb. Formulae given in this 
book are based on 12-year lead.) 

Litharge should be well mixed with tur- 
pentine before adding it 10 the paint. 

If Japan drier is desired, use one gill 
of good Japan drier instead of the lith- 
arge stated above, When Japan drier is 
used the paint should be stirred frequent- 
ly to keep it in proper solution. 



1 20 1 




Tl primii mu m 

da i di I not I than 12 d 

in irfao 1 : 


> r use \ ello hre for 

it dri< too hard, ha im ela 
il jimI ( oal nnol lher< p 

Kift per cenl impoi I French 

1 1 1 1 < 1 in oil hi I t It 

1 ) < I I I I < - • 1 1 I H ' I > J M • I I ■ * I ! I I 

l< I I ncler no cond >n u 

mi sui ) or planed ma [m 

I' 1 i-n< li >ilh .1 - M 1 111.1 >i 

nd e xi mely du in trii 

I 1 III a al 'I 'li 

III 1 1 1 1 \ 1 1 1 a I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 

Ml II li'IK I f. if I ||< jll.i 

llou and ochre m 

1 1 ai^h sui t ,k 

Second Coal 

\ 1 ' . 1 1 1 1 1 . 1 1 1 1 1 • * I • 1 1 ■ I 

if h [)UI v Unseed oil pul 

1 1 1 1 • the will 1 - I i I 

oal I I11-. 1 1 -I 11 M I01 I 

sIl.H le I lit' \\ < ilk 1 > In Im 

I 1 a nuil 

W lute 

A ||) 
I III I 1 1 


I ! in 


llu nut nil-, nil ol -It 
• li n 1 1 « I I m n 

11 1 1 . 

rins 1 1 i» 

finished «mt tl hn 

iml allow S tli- iint I 
uni 1 < 11 in M uch t til 

ti I in i 111 nroi «i»i 

\ *. 

1 1 

Third Coat 

Tlu hird in add 

finishing must d 

men) ' 

ur on r 
it should I <1 

n si M al n 1 

the third th 


I • > tl 








some sections paint will last only one- 
quarter as long on a southern exposure 
as it will on the north side. 

The following formula should be used 
where there is a hot climate and on 
southern or sun exposures : 

White Lead ioo Lbs. 

Raw Linseed Oil Z l /z to 4 Gals. 

Turpentine Yz Gal. 

(Covers 250 square feet.) 

For northern exposure add an additional 
one-half gallon of turpentine. 

The following formula should be used 
along the sea coast or where salt air is 
encountered : 

White Lead - 75 Lbs. 

Pure French Green Seal Zinc, 

ground in oil 25 Lbs. 

Raw Linseed Oil 3^ to 4 Gals. 

Turpentine l A Gal. 

(Covers 250 square feet.) 

For a cheap paint to be used on barns, 
fences, sheds, etc., ochre can be substi- 
tuted for white lead, and distillate used 
instead of turpentine. These substitutes, 
however, do not produce the same lasting 
results as a moderate priced prepared 
barn paint made of red oxide and lin- 
seed oil. 

Prepared paints of standard quality, 
if properly applied, according to print- 
ed instructions on the package, also 
produce splendid results on Redwood. 


Paneled bedroom in "The Home of Redwood ," Panama- 
Pacific International Exposition, San Francisco, 19J5* 
The "Home of Redwood" was awarded the Grand Pric 

the highest honor bestowed 


E S I S T S 

r 22 ] 




Best for White Enamel 

R 1 w ><\ i an 1>c *1 to a sm< m >th 

surface, and then no trouble with 
I grain. Foi his r« -;* m it is hi 
fen I I painters for white enari l- 
ing. It nol onb absorbs and holds i nt 
well, but makes a >m< fin- 

li p« ible. I whit -lin 

< e» 3 of preparat* »n. | Mint ami < >n< 
enamel will mal i able j<>t 

in ( oats of preparat u paint 
one of enamel v\ ill d< i a I j« >1 

while 1 1 v e ( oa1 of prepai atory pan. 
and one of ena mel w ill ma a h 

• la job. 

Redwood Interior Trim 

I* »r interim »r finish R < m id si uld n 
be painted anj more than >u v 
ci r oak <»r maho mi Redv 
bea nt v f< >r interii a finish 1 1 in n 
dividualil y, it ft, v\ arm t< >n< 
or po ibilities. 






Redwood will add charm to the farm 
house. In its natural color Redwood 
ranges from light cherry to mahogany. 

Finished in its natural color, waxed, 
it gives a soft and cheery effect. In na- 
tural finish a paste filler may be used, 
but it is not necessary. 

It can be stained to any color desired 
by stains for exclusive use on Red- 


wood. These stains are cheap, and can 
be applied successfully by any painter 
of ordinary intelligence who follows in- 
tructions. Only two coats of stain are 
required. Further particulars about stain- 
ing Redwood will be furnished on re- 

There isn't anything" prettier than 
the paneled room. You can idealize 
with Redwood panels. The "slash 
grain" Redwood panel yields wonder- 
ful effect- both in its natural finish, 
waxed, as well as stained to any color 
desired. The "slash grain" as distin- 
guished from the "vertical grain" is a 
figure produced on the panel by sawing 
with the grain instead of at right 
angles to it. It produces a wavy effect, 
contrasted to the straight, close lines 
in the "vertical" cut. 

When you finish your house in Red- 
wood you finish it with lumber and not 


a veneer. 


The charm of a Redwood horn Xote the beauty 
the panels. This room is nished in the 
natural color by ng 




! 24 1 




"stays put" 
when it's dry 

1 1 EN property i ured, ( >rni 

Redv od < an 1 depended up" 

to V ('lit 

All lumber w ill shrink 
"green 11 which i b 

ha I • ii >ned l>\ dn in 

tin hi and sun, <>r in ai tifi( ial heat* <l 
! ihi > or giant oven 

Redwood - ui I both b ir di 
and l>v .irt iii< ial heal in kill \\ h 
R K\ ood i - intended f< inl ei i< >i 
thai u is pro] rl) oned, w hich m 

thoroughly dr) Thorou dr) I ! 

w ood will nol ^liriiik , warp ell 

No set rule i an be ijiven to det( rmin 
whether l Iwood thoroughl) d 
iod test is saw ofl « hi< h 

sin >ul<l show a um h h in dn I 

is a moist spot on r insid< u 
thoroughl) dr) 

Whei Redwo< >d is in nd 
lutside use it is not u< th 

s. i| or dr I Ii ural m« 

Redv\ od is a pi sen in; 

Redwood is used for such 
purpos as 01 m pip' nd 

n dless to ti'll you tl I the sl 
shrinl w arp oi sw ell in an i 
would be disast >us the 

\ 1 

Read what I neral Man 
Jtreetor, of the ( ama » 

<n\ , I .• Vn^cles, w rit< 

" I hr I '1 .f I\ ■ 

ti -In 


■rk i 








t n n 



n h 

u,l tl 




pipe move from its fixed position, 
an instrument would move slischtl\ 
out of pitch. 

"In the wind chests of an instru- 
ment we find Redwood to be of ex- 
ceptional value, inasmuch as there 
are hundreds of small felt and 
leather valves. Should the wood ex- 

udt. pitch, these tinv parts would 

stick and refuse to work. 


It is also of advantage in wind 

chest work ecause it i> essential 

that tlu'<c che^ ^hmild be air- 

Ability r checking 

is minimized in 

the use of properly 

dried Redwood." 

Also read the letter from the President 
of the Petaluma Incubator Company, 
which will be found under "Redwood In- 
cubators/' on pages 31-32. 

These are the highest 
ble tests of Redwood's 

ing put" quality! 

4 stay 

The Redwood stump has maternal instincts. It not only 
nourishes the "suckers" or "shoots" that grow into 
giant Redwoods, bat in the above illustration you see 
Redwood stump that has mothered a maple tree. This 
remarkable incident is found in front of the Scotia 
Hotel, in Scotia, CaL The maple tree is 32 inches in 
diameter and jo feet high. The maple is af ntly very 

happy, for it is a vigorous, healthy tree 



[26 ] 




Culverts, cesspools, 
septic tanks, 
sub-soil drains 

< )R lining - ;pools, or i i 

m<I sub-surfa< tin Red d 
cheaper and more ible than 

>ther materials. 
Tin ai quiremem i »n pra< 
n ill \ every ranch or farm, and th< 
farmer is naturally desirous of makin 
installations that cost the least and la 

tin* loi ' . 

There are instan* es of R I tanks 

and pipe, buried in the ground I 

\ ., and ai e toda) in p 
er tion and continuous u In build 
ing ( ul\ erts and \>\\ thai the 

bands a properl) pi ote< I 

F01 sub surfa< drainage R >d 

cheaper than porous til< Its r< *istan< i 
rol mal it la§1 > or on tho I 

of installing - letter bel< th< 

n< r of a pi a ll lai nui 


i 1 1 ! i . i \\ « • < 1 ■ \ 



1 , 1 1 1 v 


ink use ol Re 

nch — 

1 h nd it p 

b< in a 

1 1 li cl 

ml til mc 

K the I 

* — it a 

l\ t , i t h 

I In- HI 

run ' ' 

I h >f this 1 


ie much 

1 > 




S ^ 


Red> natural resistai to ro n 
contact with th< ground also mal 
plendid material for septi< inks. 

These tanks are mad< >t 3-inch I l- 

wood, th ship-la] joint. In il 

2-inch Redv I would tfficient, but 



3-inch is recommeiK 1, as it produces a 
better tank in every way. 

The septic tank should be sunk in the 
ground to a depth of 12 inches under the 
surface. This makes the tank air-tight, 
which is necessary for the proper action 
of the tank. 

These tanks can be built to take care 
of any size house. The construction is 
comparatively simple, as will be seen by 
the a< ompanying diagrams. 






— — 

^ — ^ 









6 O" 







9 o 










* — 




I --8 ] 


) ; 




g life 

sheds for 




\ | 

1 tit 

nt 11 


\ . 

It is .it .it the a\ 

r hir machine 


i 5 ) < 

ilr I ] 

.) rrvii < 









Why it 
excels for 

N THE manufacture of incuba- 
tors Redwood is more generally 
used than any other wood. This 
is because it is not affected by 
the difference in temperature be- 
tween the inside and the outside of the 
incubator. Also because it will not 
shrink or warp and will perfectly with- 
stand any test of climatic conditions. 

Petaluma, California, 

September 30, 19 16. 
California Redwood Association, 
San Francisco, Cal. 

Dear Sir: 

"Before coming to California the 
writer used pine and other woods 
grown in Canada, but on coming to 
California Redwood was the most 
convenient to secure and it proved 
to be a very happy result, for thr 

Redwood used in these goods never 

shrinks or -wells and hence when 

we make good close joints to be- 
gin with, it remains so. Incubators 

made by us nearly forty years ago 

are still in use and, so far a s the 

joint arc concerned, they are as 

close now as when the machines 

were first constructed. 

A Redwood incubator. Read the above letter 


1 31 1 






Redwood is 
best for silos 

l FLLETIN \u. too, on thi >uita 
bilit) of various woods for silos 
issued bj the Iowa 5 ite v i 
ultural I erimental Station 
lists them in the follow ing order 

i. Redwood 

2. ( \ press 

3. ( >i jon Fir 

4. Tamara* k 

5, Whit Pint 

I ,< m I How I'n 

Thi in\ 1 stigation \\ a made w li 
painstaking are and took into n j 
eration the li\ ing pov r 1 a the \ I. 

istan< • tli* 'ti of th ' 

in silage, its warping and shrinkin 
procliviti* , its cost, its \ In and all 

ther feature thai enter inl he 1 
suitable material for -1 ilo 
1 his in\ tigati* » ■ 1 was o >ndu I b 
farm experl - vi h< > had n< > finan< I < >r 

>ther interesl - in an >f 1 li iods th< 
wei investi the farmer \ II 

r* niz< that tln-ir judgment 1- I 

upon an In in< 1 >pini< m f( >rmed v\ 1 

an open mi ls the r ult of a ul 

unl\ of experien \\ h h ol t ! 

woods named. 

Bulletin N< 1 7. of the l 1 >nn< ul 

Agricultural * »ll< d\ 1 inner 

that it' ihr\ w nl«l ure th 
ults ft l sil th all - si ul<l be — 

"non-v undue til 1 ' ' 

moisture. Sila 

ii lar t 

ii (4* ch which 


t> ind adds 1 


" rhcr 
v n silo r an> 

In the fir pi v 1 1- a 

nduct t It 

warm up itll 

ri' ition d 


S 1 1 ; ■ M 


1 n ir i - I 1 1 

Redw ood meet - tin lit: 



Wood Silo Preferred 

The first question you must decide is 
— shall I build of wood, concrete or 
clay products? It is to your interest to 
build as economically as possible, of a 
material that cures silage the best, and 
will last for years at the smallest up-keep 
cost. That means you will build of wood. 

A canvass made of the State of Kansas 
shows that there are 10 wood silos to 
one of other materials, the canvass re- 
sulting as follows : 

"4,700 wood stave silos; 400 wood 
2x4 known as Common Sense; 50 
built of floorings; 5 Buff Jersey 
type; 160 monolithic concrete; 125 
metal lath; 100 cement stave; 20 
hollow tile; 100 galvanized iron; 40 
pit, or hole-in-the-ground, and 15 

The Kansas farmer is generally recog- 
nized as a very shrewd individual. 
Furthermore, the silo in Kansas, b\ 
reason of the open prairie country, is 
subjected to the fierce heat of the sum- 
mer, the bitter colds of the winter, hur- 
ricane winds, heavy snows, etc. 

The fact there are io wood silos to one 
of concrete or clay products in Kansas 
demonstrates that the Kansas farmer 
lias learned by experience that wood is 
the most serviceable material for the 
silo, as well as the best container in 
which to cure silage. 

A typical Redwood silo and barn 



[34 ! 

R E D W 

1 5 advantages of 
the Redwood silo 

j Clear I i minimum 5l 

2 i 

fin .nit 

4. I S Mghl and nil 

great I possib tl; 1 b 

vr I ed in il 

I > not li.r to hi \ I. 

► < 1 1 Li nl« I 

7 Shipp< »l I . put up. 

H. ( .hi be 1 'i- 1 ind nru >\ ed 

f; I )ef< 11 1" repl 

I ' I 

ro. If blown d< 1 be r <l 

with m labor. 
11 ( ,. m k1 foi 50 or 1 

12. Cll i I hi 

dir of I it and cold. 
1 3 I "• dv\ I d< not I pi I li 

tar or other ] 

I I - 1 1 1 < I v\ 1 1 c h 

in -iii . i* t with n. 

14 Red I 'I* -I n r piti h, 

n kI< 1111 1 1 mi 

1! iki I i! 

vu f .ind x I 1 tii wall to 

tten 1 ! i 1 a ere I 

i <; Rcdwo< "I 1 iluteh den< lal 

r 1 % 

rhe s< tiled "permanent typ< >f 
silu, which tm ludes 1 tilt 

rick, eti has tl * di »I\ anl 

More o bu i 1 d 

It il pin 

ticalh ! double w 1 > I 
tin* a w rm 

Cannot Ik* in I \ 
tl whol tni' 

1v ir, it it r I 

$ili must 

1 1111 -\ ill 

attacl li in t 

ncrete lucts h I Id. 

the si I t«> 

w 1 ind 1 ! 

n iral heat >l the si 

n- to its i r 


moisture from tl 

ude <d I h 

ir r n 

inner wall 

1 f bl 

) E F I E O 

1 1 


stakes and 
fence posts 

E« A I 5 E of its wonderful durabil- 
ity in contact with the ground 

there is no wood like Redwood for 
stakes and fence posts. It is used 
almost exclusively in the vineyards 
and ranches of California. 

Enormous quantities of Redwood 
-tako are set annually in the vineyards 
and hop fields of California. These stakes 
arc split and come in two sizes, 2x2 in. 
and 6 ft. and 2x2 in. — 8 ft. 

Redwood split posts come standard 4 
inches x 5 inches and 7 feet long. Sawn 
posts come in lengths of 6 feet, 7 feet 
and 8 feet, and 3 inches x 4 inches, 4 
inches x 4 inches and 4 inches x 6 inches. 

The wonderful durability of Redwood 
in contact with the ground was recog- 
nized by the Lincoln Highway Commis- 
sioners of the west when they selected 
Redwood for marking posts for that part 
of the roadway between Salt Lake City 
and San Francisco, a distance of 1000 
miles. Each mile of this distance is to be 
marked with a Redwood post. 

The Highway Commission had before 
it is a proposition to mark this highway 
with boiler tubes set in a concrete base, 
but it was found that, in addition to the 
expensive setting-up cost the boiler tubes 
could not be guaranteed to stand as long 
as the Redwood post, which, without any 
attention, is good for 25 years and up- 

The overland traveler in an automo- 
bile is therefore welcomed to California 



■ • ■ 1 

R 1 D 

y a thousand mile ! j 

il t iidc him t tli land i "bi 

ti ;< >lden ri md tl 

d'-rful lumbrr in il ' * r 1< 1 — 1^ U\ \ 

Fruit Trays 

In tli * hint gro 

i .tli i'mi 1 1 a thi Redv ><1 t r.i v i u ed 
mi f I in fruit 3 

'I li- t ra made I 

Tin- nr i on tli ound iili tin- fi u 
in them, and are thu du 

llf • III II pi * tin lint la 


ii ii n the m*» mnd Hi 

n, ii in all sub I to curlin 

n mi .i< anil nt the m! n 

I up in tin- til ' tin I l«v tl 

I I \ i n • • < I 1 1 1 \ 1 1 n I 

and |\nl ood stand ; thi 3 i 

nt t « ill ! i - 1 1 1 

I n addi Redv - 1 is lighl 


Bee Hives 

U \v d is without qu n ? : > 

h idapl I for 

[ts I lit weight, < v d 

hilit) hold ! j regard 

nating ion 

w its durabili 

>n mak i i 

w hich, \\ n used in tb 
de| upon lasl i li 

Rcdw I lorl <u\ 

li no d is n tl 

I lu\* 

ble in cut lei 


I i I 

) E 1 I E R > 



L I F O R N I A 

How to 

buy Redwood 

to best advantage 

EDWCM >l) is without doubt th< 

l.« t adapted and mo i useful wood 
for the farm or ranch. 

The wise farmer is as much in- 
terested in his farm buildings ;i h< 
is in his growing crops, lie is constantly 
in need of lumber. 

rhere arc waj s of sa\ ing money in the 
purchase of lumber. For instance, never 
b. afraid of a short length. The short 
length and narrow sto< k - avai able al 
attractive pri and it is tlu- handiest 
kind of lumber to buy for tinkering. 

The cost of lumbci imp i S v\ itb 

the length and ibe width of the board. 
If \uu want tw< foot lengths of a 12- 
inch board, don't buy a 16-fool [2-inch 

board and aw it in two. [I pays tO buy 

four 8-foot lengths of 6-inch pro 

viding the joint i> not objectionable 
Short, narrow lumber is a a rule, b<t 
ter than long lengths. B< m • of it 
small si 1 it admits fewer and small 
In. i Hie Ion: • r and wider a boai d 
tin iai r in i and number are d« 
fects allov • d. 

A Wicked Extravagance 

A wicked extra\ a tn< i of the Vm< i 

an publi< 1 its demand for long, clear 
si in lumber. A knot or knot hoh 
a split or ap streak e< to en 
feeling that full valu< not ecured This 
meam that lumber 1 Us ha\ . < a big • 
demand for uppei grad< , and alwaj 
i an a< < umulation c * i hort length, 
arrow , whi< h is Id at a ri 

F01 in< e ben i a • I fai i < 

ii maimf turer bo bn\ !■ rad' 

ut out the lots nd def< id turn 

< Mil at lut< cl< .»r re fined »du< 1 
lj a door and wmdow casing fi 


1 38) 

F I } 





rid hundi Is of other ai I i - on th 

Something About Grades 

R lw< 1 IuimImt is n nufa< tin and 

»ld a< rding to standard grad< I h 
pri< )ii |> for lumber depends upon 
the ;. ide hit i m "upp< grad< <>n 
img o\ i l< tnd >Miin»l stocl in si id 
rd lengths of from io to j i 
Redv* ><l comt ou | ia j higher pi i 
1 1 ii i in f I *{ ommon i adt h 

include lumber thai ha defe< i a hh h 
knot 5, shake and splits, ip, et< it n 
be purcha ed ai a mui Ii l«m ei | n 

I he thing foi you to 1 p in mind , M i 
it iii< is thai tin iO called ommoi 
lumber is the economic al \a ood i« >r u n 
the farm, I hei e is no difl in th 

I. ing and fire n in |ualiti< l»« 
l \ n the low grad< md the high gi a< h 
ol Redwo I lumber 

I In "uppei grad< in Redw I ai 

1 1 

< I 


■. ■ • 

i • 

SH< I, 

pensive than ar 

nod \\ 1 u'li painted 
tandard," oi I? 

\ (u 
and ju 

t * 

^ I . I U 

It nmiili Ml 

\(ra Merchantable 

\l erchantabl< 

"i istrn 

There ai other grad< km i i 

>l> c< imrnon, ub ' k iring an 

thin w Ii h .i f( ir il 

purp< Th hop non M must 


V |>( lit <>|" - II 

both Mil and is in nded t<u manu 
facturii purposes Sub floorin md 
athin stock admits d< th 

ndcr the me matei I unfit i ul 
intial instruction v rk, bul I i not 
impair its u Uitn tnd ibili for 

ub fioorii >r sheathii 

"lli of "• nstruction 

nated esi iallv t m< I tl U 

r Redv hu r suitable r th 

m;ir\ * ■ >nstru T ■ ->\ \n\* \ ■• ^v> 1 it 

r tlii- farm. 


F O 


For cheap bam siding you can buy 
rustic, or drop siding, which costs less 
than i x 12-inch boards. It gives great- 
er satisfaction, and battens are not nec- 
essary. It is made from I x 6, i x 8 and 
I x io-inch boards. 

For flumes use Redwood Extra Mer- 
chantable grade. 

For fence posts Redwood Merchant- 
able grade is satisfactory in the sawn 
posts, or, if a split post is desired, the 
4 x 5-inch, /-foot, should be used. 

For silos the best grade of clear on 
one face Redwood is recommended. 

Redwood Is Not Expensive 

Redwood is not an expensive wood, 
particularly in the so-called common 
grades. If a slight premium is asked 
for Redwood in eastern territory, it is 
worth it in its wonderful living power 

and resistance to fire. 


The California Redwood Association has 
been organized by the manufacturers of 
this remarkable lumber for the purpose 
of supplying the public with accurate and 
dependable information about Redwood. 

Write us for information. Your letter 
will receive prompt and cheerful atten- 


(Dept. "F") 

713 Call Building, 
San Francisco, CaL 

Write for free copy of the Child's Story of the "big 
trees" of California. There's one for every 

child in the nation 


[ 40 ]